Common Errors in Use Of Noun – Noun के प्रयोग में की जाने वाली बेहद सामान्य गलतियाँ

नियम 1– कुछ Nouns हमेशा Singular होते है

जैसे- Furniture, Scenery, Information, Advice, Iron, Luggage, Grass, Food, Poetry, Glass, Paper, Dust, Traffic, Electricity, Wood, Work, Machinery आदि
 

उदाहरण-

  1. All my furniture is new.
  2. Where is my luggage?
  3. The scenery of Kashmir is worth seeing.

***ध्यान रखें- इनके Nouns पहले न तो a/an का प्रयोग होता है और न ही इनका Plural बनाया जाता है क्योंकि ये सभी Uncountable noun है

 

नियम 2– कुछ Nouns का स्वरूप Plural होता है लेकिन वे Singular होते है तथा है तथा उनके साथ हमेशा Singular verb का प्रयोग किया जाता है

जैसे- News, Mathematics, Politics, Economics, Civics, Physics, Ethics, Genetics, Innings आदिउदाहरण- 

 

  1. Physics is my favorite subject.
  2. Draughts is a very challenging game.

नियम 3– कुछ Nouns देखने में Singular प्रतीत होते है लेकिन हमेशा Plural होते है

जैसे- Cattle, Poultry, People, Police, Gentry, Peasantry, Electorate आदि

नियम 4– Crowd, Audience, Class, Jury, Family, Government, Public आदि Nouns से यदि एक ईकाई (unit)का बोध हो तो Singular लेकिन यदि इनसे इनके सदस्यों का बोध हो तो Plural माना जाता है
जैसे-

  1. My family is waiting for me
  2. The Indian team is playing first.
  3. The Team Are Looking Quite Fit.
नियम 5– यदि किसी preposition के पहले और बाद में एक ही Noun का प्रयोग हो तो दोनों ओर Noun singular होता हैनियम 6– one of, each of, either of, neither of के बाद Plural Noun का प्रयोग होता है
जैसे-
  • One of the boys has broken this window
  • Any of the tools can be used.
  • Each of the students should buy this book.
  • Each of the answers is worth 20  Points.
 
नियम 7– कुछ शब्द Singular तथा Plural में एक समान रहते हैं इन्हें Plural Form में नहीं बदला जा सकता
जैसे- Brace, cannon, cod, corps, hertz, fracas , means, mackerel, mathematics offspring, politics, pike salmon, series, swine, trout, yoke, deer , sheep, fish means, score, agenda, data etc

उदाहरण-

  1. Mathematics is an interesting subject.
  2. परंतु-His mathematics are weak.(यहाँ तात्पर्य गणितीय गणनाओं से है)
  3. The Wages Of Sin Is Death.
  4. The Wages Of The Workers Have Been Raised.
  5. I Saw A Sheep Grazing In The Field.
  6. Sheep Are Sold Cheaper Than Goat.
 

नियम 8– Dozen, Score, Hundred, Thousand का प्रयोग Singular Number के रूप में होता है यदि इनका प्रयोग अंको के बाद किया गया हो लेकिन Dozens of eggs, Hundreds of people कहा जाता है

उदाहरण- 
  1. I have bought five dozen bananas.
  2. I have bought dozens of bananas.
नियम 9– Compound Noun का Plural बनाने के लिए Root word में Plural formation किया जाता है
जैसे-Singular         PluralBrother-in-law Brothers-in-law
Maid servant Maid servants

 

Passer by                         Passers by

नियम 10– Man तथा Woman से बने Compound Noun के दोनों Part में Plural Formation होता है

जैसे-Singular Plural
Woman doctor Women doctors
Man servant Men servants

नियम 11– लेकिन Man haters, Woman lover, Man lovers का प्रयोग किया जाता है

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