A/An/The के प्रयोग कहा-कहा होता हैं |जाने सारी जानकारी यह से ||

A/An का प्रयोग 

A/An का प्रयोग singular countable noun (अर्थात common noun और collective noun)के पहले होता है यदि उस Nounसे किसी अनिश्चित व्यक्ति, जानवर या वस्तु का बोध होता है

  • जैसे-She is a Doctor.

यदि Noun से पहले  adjective या adjective+adverb हो तो A/An का प्रयोग अपने सबसे निकट आने वाले शब्द के अनुसार होगा

  • जैसे- He is an intelligent boy.

A/An  का प्रयोग उस शब्द के उच्चारण पर निर्भर करता है जिससे पहले उनका प्रयोग होता है न कि उस शब्द की spelling पर A यदि वह स्वर-ध्वनि (vowel sound)से प्रारम्भ होता है तो An का प्रयोग होता है

यदि शब्द व्यंजन ध्वनि (consonant sound) से प्रारम्भ होता है तो  A का प्रयोग किया जाता है

  • स्वर ध्वनि (vowel sound) अ, आ, इ, ई, अः
    He is an honest man.
  • व्यंजन ध्वनि (consonant sound) क, ख, ग, घ, ज्ञ :
    He is a one-eyed man.

पूरी जाति का बोध करने के लिए singular countable noun के पहले A/An का प्रयोग किया जाता है

  • जैसे – A child needs love.

साधारणतः Proper noun के पहले A/Anका प्रयोग नहीं होता परंतु जब किसी Proper noun से पहले A/An प्रयोग होता है, तो किसी स्थान या व्यक्ति का बोध न होकर उस सीन या व्यक्ति में निहित गुण का बोध होता है 

  • जैसे- He is a Hitler.

The का प्रयोग 

जब कोई singular countable noun किसी Speech में पहली बार आता है तो उसके पहले A/An लगता है, परंतु जब उसी nounकी पुनरावृत्ति होती है तो उससे पहले “The” लगता है

  • जैसे- I saw a girl. The girl was beautiful.

यदि वाक्य मेंa Noun+preposition+noun  का प्रयोग हो तो प्रथम noun के पहले “The”  का प्रयोग होगा

  • जैसे- The gold of India is famous.

पर्वत श्रेणी (range of mountains) के नामों के पहले “The”  का प्रयोग होता है 

  • जैसे-  The Himalayas, The Vindhyas, The Alps

चोटी(Peak) या पहाड एकवचन रूप में होते है उनके नाम के पहले “The” प्रयोग नहीं होता है

  • जैसे- mount Everest , mount abu, Snow-don

द्वीयप समूह (group of islands) के नामों के पहले “The”  का प्रयोग होता है

  • जैसे- The West Indies, The Andaman, The East Indies

ऐसे द्वीयप जो एकवचन रूप में होते है उनके नामों के पहले “The”का प्रयोग नहीं होता है

  • जैसे- Sumatra, Java, Sicily

नदी सागर खाडी मरुभूमि जंगल, इत्यादि के नामों के पहले “The” का प्रयोग होता है

  • जैसे-  The Ganges, The Indian Ocean, The Bay of Bengal, The Sahara

बडे ग्रंथों के नाम के पहले “The”का प्रयोग होता है

  • जैसे-  The Gita, The Bible

आकाशीय पिण्ड (heavenly bodies)]दिशा (directions)या जो वस्तु दुनिया में केवल एक हो, उसके नाम से पहले “The” का प्रयोग होता है

  • जैसे- The earth, The east, The air, The equator
(लेकिन Heaven, Hell, God तथा Parliamentआदि शब्दों के साथ “The” का प्रयोग नहीं होता है)

समाचार पत्रों (newspapers)के नाम से पहले “The”  का प्रयोग होता है

  • जैसे- The Hindustan Times, The Statesman

ऐतिहासिक इमारतों (Historical buildings)] स्थानों a(Places)]धटनाओं (events)के नाम के पहले  “The”  का प्रयोग होता है

  • जैसे-The Red fort, The Kaba, The French Revolution

वाद्य यंत्रों (musical instruments)के नामों से पहले “The”  का प्रयोग होता है

  • जैसे- I can play the piano.

लेकिन musical instruments का प्रयोग countable noun के रूप में होने पर, इनके पहले A/An का प्रयोग होता है 

  • जैसे-He has bought a harmonium.

Date of month के पहले “The” का प्रयोग होता है

  • जैसे- The 5th January, The 2nd of August

धार्मिक समुदाय (religious community) तथा राजनीतिक दलों (political parties) के नामों से “The” पहले लगता है

  • जैसे- The Hindus, The Muslims, The BJP

हवाई जहाजों (aeroplanes)]समुद्री जहाजों (ships)तथा रेलगाडियों (trains)के नाम से पहले “The”  अवश्य लगता है

  • जैसे-The Meghdoot, The Vikrant, The Virat

देशों के नामों के पहले Article का प्रयोग नहीं होता है लेकिन कुछ देशों के नाम से पहले “The”अवश्य लगता है

  • जैसे-The U.S.A., The Netherlands, The Sudan

सरकारी विभागों (government departments) और सशस्त्र सैनिकों (armed forces)के नाम के पहले “The” लगता है

  • जैसे-The legislative, The judiciary, The Navy

Superlative degree के पहले “The”का प्रयोग होता है 

  • जैसे- He is the tallest boy in my village.

जब ordinal numbers को letters में लिखा जाता है तो “The” का प्रयोग होता है 

  • जैसे- The first, The third, The ninth
(लेकिन Roman numbers  के साथ न तो the का प्रयोग होता है और न ही उनके साथ st  या nd  लगाया जाता है)

जब किसी व्यक्ति को उसके पद द्वारा इंगित करना हो तो उसके पहले “The” का प्रयोग होता है

  • जैसे- The Director, The Home Minister, The President

यदि Comparative degree से चुनाव (selection)या विरोध (contrast) का बोध हो तो उससे पहले “The”का प्रयोग करते है

  • जैसे-She is the taller of the two.
Omission of Articles 

यहाँ Articles का प्रयोग नहीं किया जाता 

भाषाओं (languages)के नाम के पहले  article नहीं लगता है 

  • जैसे-  She can’t speak Tamil. ना कि She can’t speak the Tamil.

विषयों(subjects)  के नाम से पहले article नहीं लगता है 

  • जैसे- I have no interest in physics. ना कि I have no interest in the Physics.

पर्वो(festivals)  और ऋतुओंके नाम से पहले article नहीं लगता

  • जैसे- I celebrated Diwali with my family. लेकिन I went to Delhi in the Christmas holiday.

दिन तथा महीनों के नाम से पहले article नहीं लगता है

  • जैसे- He will come on Sunday. ना कि He will come on the Sunday.

बीमारियों के नाम से पहले article नहीं लगता है

  • जैसे- He is suffering from small-pox. ना कि He is suffering from small-pox. लेकिन कुछ बीमारियों के पहले The का प्रयोग होता है, जैसे : The plague, The measles, The mumps, The gout

खेल -कूद (sports)के नामों से पहले article का प्रयोग नहीं होता है

  • जैसे- I play badminton. ना कि I play the badminton.

भोजन सामग्री तथा भोजन के नामों से पहले article नहीं लगता है

  • जैसे- I like bread and butter. ना कि I like the bread and butter.

व्यक्ति, गाँव, शहर, जिला, राज्य, देश, महादेश के खास नाम से पहले article नहीं लगता है

  • जैसे-Jaipur is the capital of Rajasthan. ना कि Jaipur is the capital of the Rajsthan.

Man, Woman, life, Death, Art, Science का प्रयोग यदि व्यापक अर्थ में हो तो इनके पहले article का प्रयोग नहीं होता है

  • जैसे- Man is Mortal., ना कि The man is Mortal.

School, Church, College, Hospital, Prison, Court, Bed का प्रयोग मौलिक उद्देश्य के लिए हो तो इनके पहले article नहीं लगता है 

जैसे-The injured boy was sent to hospital. ना कि The injured boy was send to the hospital.

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